There are so many mysteries yet to be resolved at A Cabeciña hill fort. This August fifteen people from Spain, UK, Portugal and Canada will be working on site to learn more about this Bronze and Iron Age settlement on the south coast of Galicia.
Earlier on this year a team of archaeologists from the Deputación de Pontevedra excavated the hill fort for the first time. The results surpassed all expectations (click here to see photos).
But we still have more questions than answers. Evidence of a wooden building suggests a very early occupation of the site, but when exactly did people start to live in A Cabeciña? A number of stone buildings were also found, but what were they used for? Were they related to maritime trade with the Mediterranean, as the pottery and metal finds seem to suggest?
This summer, thanks to funding from the Comunidade de Montes de Mougás (a local forestry cooperative which owns the land of the site) and our partnership with the Spanish research institute Incipit-CSIC, we are able to seek the answers to these questions.
Many questions, many aims
“The first aim of this campaign is to learn more about the sequence of occupation of the hill fort”, says archaeological director Carlos Otero.
Future conservation is the second aim of the campaign. “We will work to make the restoration of the remains more viable so that in the future they can be visible to the public” explains Carlos.
As well as conservation and investigation aims, education is also a very important aspect of the campaign. This summer, a group of 10 international volunteers will be helping us understand A Cabeciña site as they develop their own archaeology skills. For many team members, today was their first visit to A Cabeciña site…
It was also the first time they had used a total station. Here we can see archaeologists Carlos and Israel as they teach Marta and Yaiza, archaeology students at USC. The total station is essential for planning and recording the site. How and why it is used is one of the many things we will be learning throughout this campaign, along with digging techniques, finds recording, creating 3D models… So much to learn!
Stay tuned to get daily updates from the field! We hope to be able to share with you many answers to A Cabeciña secrets.
And don’t forget you can also see the archaeology live! We have free daily tours round the site from Tuesday to Friday at 12pm, and on Saturdays and Sundays at 12pm and 7pm.
Or you can simply drop by at any time. A Cabeciña is always open!
Click here to see more photos from today on Flickr.